Saturday, December 18, 2010
Detail Article About Noor-e-Mohammadi (Salallaho Alaihi Wasallam)
Qadi `Iyad said in his book al-Shifa', in the chapter on the nobility of the Prophet's lineage:
" Ibn `Abbas said that the spirit of the Prophet was a light in front of Allah two thousand years before he created Adam. That light glorified Him and the angels glorified by his glorification. When Allah created Adam, he cast that light into his loins. "
Imam Hafiz Suyuti said in Manahil al-Safa (p. 53 #128):
"Ibn Abi `Umar al-`Adani relates it in his Musnad. "
[I have seen this reference myself when I went to saudi arabia last year]
In Takhrij ahadith sharh al-mawaqif (p. 32 #12) Imam Suyuti cites it with the wording:
" The Quraysh were a light in front of Allah. "
Ibn al-Qattan in his Ahkam (1:12) narrates it in the following form, although
`Abd Allah al-Ghimari in Irshad al-talib rejects the latter as a forgery:
[kuntu nooran bayna yaday Rabbee qabla khalqi Aadama bi arba`ata `ashara alfa aam]
"Ali ibn al-Husayn from his father from his grandfather said that the Prophet said:
"I was a light in front of my Lord for fourteen thousand years before He created Adam."
Something similar is narrated by Imam Ahmad in his Fada'il al-sahaba (2:663 #1130),
Hafiz Dhahabi in Mizan al-i`tidal (1:235), and al-Tabari in al-Riyad al-nadira (2:164, 3:154).
Related to the above are the following reports:
"`Amr ibn `Abasa said that the Prophet said: "Verily, Allah created the spirits of His servants two thousand years before He created His servants. Then whichever among them recognized each other came close, and whichever did not, stayed apart."
Imam Suyuti in Takhrij ahadith sharh al-mawaqif (p. 31 #10)
says that Ibn Mandah narrated it, while Hafiz Ibn Hajar Haytami in his Fatawa hadithiyya says that it is extremely weak.
QaDi `Iyad (Rahmatullaahi `alayh) writes a lot more about this topic and I have these quotes as well. I may post them later if neccessary.
Imam Shahrastani is one of the great scholars of Ahlus-Sunna in the field of `Aqeedah. His most famous book is Kitaab al-Milal wan-Nihal.
Imam Shahrastani in his Kitab al-milal wa al-nihal (2:238) said:
"The light of Muhammad went from Ibrahim to Isma`il. Then that light passed through all his children, until it arrived at `Abd al-Muttalib... and with the blessing of this light Allah repelled Abraha's harm"
(wa bibarakati dhalik al-nur dafa` allahu ta`alaa sharra Abraha).
Imam Suyuti cites the above in several of his books, such as Masalik al-hunafa' (p. 40-41), also his al-Duruj al-munifa (p. 16) and his al-Ta`zim wa al-minna (p. 55), all three of which were written to show the bases on which the Prophet's two parents are considered to be in Paradise by the majority of the scholars.
The quote of Imam Shahrastanialso shows that Allaah Ta`aalaa repelled the harm of Abraha with the blessings (barakat) of the light of the Holy Prophet - which took place even before his birth! This also refutes the phylosophies of the Wahabis/Salafis against tawassul bidh-dhaat and the Deobandies/Tableeghies against tawassul by someone far away (this is also a wahabi belief).
Shaykh Ahmad Sirhind
I have found some of the Deobandies claiming to be Mujaddidee, i.e. related to the Naqshbandi Tareeqa from Imam Rabbani Ghawth-us-Samdane Sayyiduna Mujaddid Alf-Thanee Shaykh Ahmad Sirhind . Shaykh al-Mujaddid stated his `Aqeedah in his "Maktoobaat Shareef":
"It must be known that the creation of the Holy Prophet was not the same as other humans. His blessed existance was not dependant or taken from the existance of any other. This is because, he was made from the Light of Haqq Jalla when he did not have a body.
[kamaa qaala `alayhi wa `a-la aalihiS-Salaatu was-salaam khuliqtu min noorillaahi]
He said, 'I was created from the Light of Allah.' And no one else (meaning nothing at all) ever received this gift (or blessing?)." (Maktoobaat Shareef Faarisee, v. 3, p. 191, Maktoob. 100)
The quote shows that the Holy Prophet is "noorullaah" [the light of Allah] and that his light was created first.
Imam Ibnul-Hajj al-Abdaree al-Maalikee al-Makkee
Imam Ibnul-Hajj al-Abdaree al-Maalikee al-Makkee on the light of the Holy Prophet :
Ibn al-Hajj al-Abdari (Muhammad ibn Muhammad d. 736) in his book al-Madkhal (2:34 of the Dar al-kitab al-`arabi in Beirut) cites it from al-Khatib Abu al-Rabi` Muhammad ibn al-Layth's book Shifa' al-sudur in which the latter says:
"The first thing Allah created is the light of Muhammad and that light came and prostrated before Allah. Allah divided it into four parts and created from the first part the Throne, from the second the Pen, from the third the Tablet, and then similarly He subdivided the fourth part into parts and created the rest of creation. Therefore the light of the Throne is from the light of Muhammad !, the light of the Pen is from the light of Muhammad !, the light of the Tablet is from the light of
Muhammad !, the light of day, the light of knowledge, the light of the sun and the moon, and the light of vision and sight are all from the light of Muhammad !."
Thursday, December 16, 2010
Ya Qaabila tawbati Adama Yawma 'Ashuraa-aYa faarija karbi Dhin-nuwni yawma 'Ashuraa-aYa jaami'a shamli y'aquwba yawma 'Ashuraa-aYa saami'a d'awati musa wa haruna yawma 'Ashuraa-aYa mu-ghitha ibrahima mi-nanaa-ri yawma 'Ashuraa-aYa rafi'a idrisa ilas-samai yawma 'Ashuraa-aYa mujeeba da'wati salihin finna qati yawma 'Ashuraa-a
Ya nasira sayyidina Muhammadin sal-lalahu 'alayhi wa sallama yawma'Ashuraa-aYa rahma-nad-dunya wal-akhirati was rahima-humaa salli 'alasayyidina Muhammadiw-wa 'ala jamee'al ambiyaai wal-mursaleena waqdihaajaa-tinafid-dunya wal-akhirati wa atil 'umrana fee taa'atika wamahabatika wa ridakawa ahyinaa
hayatan tayeeba tuwwa tawaffana 'a-lal-emaani wal-islamibi-rahmatika Yaa arhamar-rahimeen Allahma bi-'izzil hasani wa akhihiwa ummihi wa abihi wa jaddihi wa banihi far-rij 'anna maa nahnu fee.
After reading the above dua, read the following dua 7 times
Subha-nallahi mil al-meezani wa muntahal-'ilmi wa mabla-ghar-ridawa zinatal-'arshi la mal-jaa-aa wala manjaa-aa mi-nallahiilla-ilay. Subha-nallahi 'ada-dash-shaf-'ia wal-witri wa 'adadakalimaa tilla-hit-tammati kullihaa nasalu-kaslamata bi-rahmatika yaaarhamar-rahimeen.
wa-hu-wa hasbunaa-wa-nai'-mal-wakeel. Ni'-mal-mawla wa-ni'man-naseer.wala-haw-la wala quwwata illa-billahil-'alee-yil-'azeem.wa salla-lahu ta'ala 'ala sayyidina Muhammadiw-wa 'ala alihi wasahbihi wa 'a-lal mumineena wal muminati wal muslimeena wal muslimati'adada zarratil wujudi wa 'adada ma'-luwmaa tillahi wal-hamu-illahirabbil-'alameen.
Muharram---the Sacred Month
Muharram is the first month of the Islamic Calendar also known as the Lunar Hijri Calendar. It is recognised by the scholars and academics as one of the most sacred months in Islam. In Surah Tawba, Allah says:
إِنَّ عِدَّةَ ٱلشُّہُورِ عِندَ ٱللَّهِ ٱثۡنَا عَشَرَ شَہۡرً۬ا فِى ڪِتَـٰبِ ٱللَّهِ يَوۡمَ خَلَقَ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ مِنۡہَآ أَرۡبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ۬ۚ ذَٲلِكَ ٱلدِّينُ ٱلۡقَيِّمُ
Lo! the number of the months with Allah is twelve months by Allah's ordinance in the day that He created the heavens and the earth. Four of them are sacred: that is the right religion (9:36)
The holy Quran in the above verse declares four amongst the twelve months as excessively sacred. Although the holy Quran does not list the names of the months, but it is clearly mentioned in a Hadith of the Prophet, narrated by Abu Bakr (ra) that:
“There are twelve months in which 4 are sacred, the three sequential months of Dhu’l-Qa’dah, Dhu’l-Hijjah and Muharram and Rajab, which falls in between Jamad-u-thani and Sha’ban (Bukhari)”
It is undoubtedly clear and evident that the month Muharram has a very significant status within Islam. It is reported that the Mercy upon the universe, Hazrat Muhammad (Sallahu alaihi wasallam) would observe fast during this blessed month. Hazrat Abu Huraira (ra) narrates: “the Prophet of Allah (Sallahu alaihi wasallam) said: ‘the best of fasting after Ramadan is in Allah’s month of Muharram” (Muslim). It is worthy to note that the month of Muharram has been described by the Prophet (Sallahu alaihi wasallam) as the month of Allah. Its significance and importance will be discussed later in the article.
Abu Sufiyaan (ra) narrates (Sahih Muslim) that “I heard the Prophet (Sallahu alaihi wasallam) say: “it’s the day of Ashura. Allah has not made it compulsory for you to fast. But I am fasting. He who wants to fast among you should do so. He who does not want to observe it, (does not have to) do it”. Another tradition of the Prophet (saw) narrated by ibn Abbas says: “the Prophet said: ‘If I am alive till next year, then I will surely keep fast on the 9th of Muharram’” (Sahih Muslim).
The two Hadith above clearly proves that the Prophet (peace be upon him) considered fasting on the 9th and 10th of Muharram as an important and significant practice. Although it is not obligatory to fast on these two days but one must adhere to the teachings of Prophet (peace be upon him) and follow his perfect examples. According to the Hadith of Bukhari and Muslim, narrated by Ibn Abbas that the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madina and discovered the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. They said: “it is a great day of importance, as Allah saved Hazrat Musa and his followers and drowned the Pharaoh and his supporters and so Hazrat Musa kept fast out of appreciation and so therefore we also observe it”. So Allah’s messenger (peace be upon him) kept fast and ordered us to keep it as well. This illustrates that it was not only the Sunna of our great Prophet (peace be upon him) but also Hazrat Musa (peace be upon him), who spent his entire life in establishing the truth.
Significance of Muharram
The month of Muharram is very important and respected in the opinions of great Sufis and scholars. Ghauth-e-Azam Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Qadri Jilani (ra) in his Ghunya al-Talibeen discusses the excellence of Muharram with particular reference to the day of Ashura (10th Muharram). He says “The day of Ashura possesses a very historical significance. On this day”:
• Hazrat Adam (peace be upon him) was forgiven by Allah after he was expelled from paradise.• Allah protected Hazrat Nuh (peace be upon him) and his followers in the ark from the storm.• Allah demolished the fire created by Nimrod to save Hazrat Ibrahim (peace be upon him), who was thrown into it.• Allah directly interacted and spoke to Hazrat Musa (peace be upon him) and blessed him with the commandments.• Hazrat Ayub (peace be upon him), who was suffering from leprosy was cured on this day.• Hazrat Ya’qub (peace be upon him) was reunited with his son Hazrat Yusuf (peace be upon him).• Hazrat Yunus (peace be upon him) was relieved from the stomach of the fish.• Pharaoh’s army was demolished and the Bani Israel were saved from his captivity as the sea was divided.• On this day Hazrat Dawood (peace be upon him) was pardoned.• Hazrat Suleiman’s (peace be upon him) kingdom was re-established.• Hazrat Isa (peace be upon him) was taken into Jannah.• Hazrat Hussain (May Allah be pleased with him), the grandson of the Prophet (peace be upon him) gained the honour of Shahadat (martyrdom)
Hazrat Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani (ra) further states certain practices, which should be followed and performed on the day of Ashura to receive maximum benefit.
• Whoever is generous towards his relatives and family on this day, Allah, the almighty will provide for him/her throughout the year.• Whoever observes fast on this, it is as if he has fasted all his life.• He who visits sick and ill people on this day, Allah, the merciful will bless him with rewards, which will not be deleted from his account.• He who feeds the hungry, gives water to the thirsty or places his hands above the head of an orphan, Allah, the ultimate Provider, will provide food for him from paradise and gift him with non-intoxicating wine (salsabil)• Those, who are suffering from sickness, illnesses, torments or health problems, should take a bath, and Allah, the Curer, will shower His mercy upon him and grant him a cure.
All the lovers and followers of the Great Shaykh Abdul Qadir Jilani, must follow his advice and attempt to receive maximum blessings and benefits from his invaluable advices and instructions.