Saturday, August 31, 2013

Important Islamic Jurisprudence Terminology

» Fard – Obligatory:
An act commanded by Allah in the Holy Qur’an is known as Fard. The following explains a Fard in detail:
a. An act that is obligatory to be executed b. It has been proven by rigorously authenticated texts c. The denial of any Fard renders one to come out of the folds of Islam. d. If one omits to perform any Fard without any valid shari’i reason, then such a person becomes a fasiq (transgressor) and the person is regarded as a major sinner. [Fatawa Ridawiyyah – Vol. 2, Page 194]
» Wajib – Necessary:
An act that is almost as compulsory as a Fard. The Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam never omitted it. It is a graded second, below a Fard in its necessity.
a. An act that is compulsory to do. b. It is proven by religious arguments through ijtihad. c. One who denies a Wajib is misguided. d. If one omits a Wajib without any valid shari’i reason, then he is a transgressor and liable for the punishment of Hell. e. To miss a Wajib once (deliberately, without any valid reason) is a minor sin (Gunah-e-Saghira). However, persistently omitting a Wajib shall turn it into a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira).
“Sunnat” generally means: an act done or liked by the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam in relation to worship. One shall gain reward for performing a Sunnah, but there is no sin of on omits it. However, to continually omit it is a sin, and if one shows dissatisfaction to a Sunnah, then this is kufr (disbelief).
a. Sunnat-e-Mu’akkada is an act necessary to perform. b. An act that was always performed by the Messenger of Allah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam, but occasionally omitted so as to differentiate from something that is Wajib.
c. One gains the displeasure of Allah Most High and His Beloved Prophet SallAllaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam if a Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is omitted even if it is occasionally. Thus, making it a habit to omit a Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is an act of earning even more displeasure of Allah and His Beloved and inevitably, one becomes liable for punishment.
d. The status of a Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is near a Wajib. e. Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah is sometimes known as Sunnat-e-Huda. » Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah:
a. If it is performed one shall reap reward. b. The Messenger of Allah had performed such an act, but also omitted it without any reason.
c. To omit a Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah is disliked in the Islamic Law (Shari’ah). However, one is not punished for this. d. Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah is also known as Sunnat-e-Zawa’id.
Mustahab – Desirable Acts:
a. An act that is appreciated by the Sacred Islamic Law (Shari’ah) b. There is no harm if one omits it c. One gains reward for doing it, but one is not punished for omitting it. » Mubah:
a. An act that is neither commanded nor prohibited by the Shari’ah. b. There is no reward for doing it, and no punishment or omitting it.
» Haram – Unlawful:
a. Totally forbidden in Islam. b. Proven by rigorously authenticated texts. c. Anyone who denies something proven from the Qur’an and Hadith to be Haram, becomes a kafir.
d. If this act is committed deliberately and intentionally, even once, then such a person is a transgressor (fasiq), and has committed a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). Thus, such a person shall be punished. e. To refrain from such acts is rewarded. f. Haram is considered the opposite of Fard.
“Makruh” generally means something that is not desirable i.e. something that is disliked by the Islamic Law.
a. Makruh-e-Tehrimi is something that is essential to refrain from. b. To do an act that is Makruh-e-Tehrimi is a sin and against the commands of the Shari’ah.
c. Anyone who does it is a Fasiq, and will be punished. d. There is reward to refrain from such acts. e. If such acts are done once, then they are not classed as a major sin. However, to persevere on such acts does turn it into a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). f. It is considered the opposite of a Wajib.
» Isa’at:
a. An act that is necessary to avoid. b. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah.
» Makruh-e-Tanzihi:
a. An act that is disliked by the Shari’ah. b. If this act is done, then there is no sin or punishment. However, it is bad to make it a habit of doing such an act. c. One gains reward for not doing it. d. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah.
» Khilaf-e-Awla:
It is best to avoid such acts, but if done then there is no sin or punishment. It is considered the opposite of Mustahab.

Friday, August 30, 2013

Qurbani (Slaughtering) - Some Important Masaails

According to Tirmizi Shareef and Sunan Ibn Majah, Hazrat Ayesha (radi Allahu anha) stated that Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) said, "The son of Adam does not do any action on the day of Qurbani which is more pleasing to Allah than the sacrifice of animals; and he will come on the day of Qiyamah with it's hairs, horns and hooves (for reward); and the blood (of the sacrificed animal) certainly reaches Allah before it falls down to the ground. So make yourselves purified therewith."
In another Hadith related in Sunan Ibn Majah, Zaid bin Arqam reported that the companions of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) asked, "Oh! Messenger of Allah, what is this sacrifice?"
He said, "The way of your forefather (Prophet) Ibrahim (alaihis salaam)." They said, "What is for us therein, O! Messenger of Allah?" He said, "There is one reward for every hair." They said, "For wool, O! Messenger of Allah?" He said, "There is one reward for every strand of wool!"
Qurbani or Sacrifice is carried out from the 10th of Zil- Hijjah (i.e. from the day of Eid-ul-Adha) after the completion of the Eid Salaah and Khutba, till sunset on the 12th of Zil- Hijjah. The times of preference for Qurbani are the first day, i.e. the 10th of Zil-Hijjah from the completion of the Eid Salaah, followed by the second day and lastly the third day.
If for some reason, animals purchased for Qurbani are not slaughtered in the time and duration of the Qurbani period, i.e. 10th, 11th & 12th of Zil-Hijjah, then such animals must be donated alive to charity.
It is Waajib for every Muslim male and Muslim female who:-
has attained puberty (Baaligh)
is of sound mind (not insane)
possesses Nisaab for that moment in time, not necessarily for one Islamic calendar year (Nisaab is the value of excess wealth which makes a Muslim liable for Zakaah i.e. The possession of, or equivalent capital value of seven and half tolas gold (+ -3 ounces) or fifty two tolas of silver (+ - 20 ounces)
To make sacrifice in the Name of Allah
It is Waajib according to Imam-e-Azam Abu Hanifa (radi Allahu anhu) and Sunnat-e-Mu'akidda according to other Imams for Muslims to make Qurbani.
It is Waajib only for each Muslim male and female to make Qurbani for himself or herself; and not Waajib for him or her to make Qurbani for any other member of his or her family. It is only his or her duty to guide or instruct them to make Qurbani if they meet with the conditions of item in 1. above.
In the same manner as Sadaqat-ul-Fitr, Qurbani is a Waajib obligation for Muslims every year on the occasion of Eid-ul-Adha. It is not a once in a life-time duty.
It is permissible to make Qurbani in the name of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) and his Ummah or any other deceased Muslim as a Nafil Qurbani on condition that the person making the Nafil Qurbani has discharged his obligation in his own Waajib Qurbani first.
It is not Waajib or necessary for the following people to make Qurbani:-
one who has not attained puberty (not Baaligh) even if he or she possesses Nisaab.
A traveller (who is not yet Muqeem).
One who does not possess Nisaab during that specific period in time.
On who may be in possession of Nisaab bit has turned insane.
Any Muslim male or female who is not liable for Qurbani but purchases an animal for Qurbani for the sake of Almighty Allah, then the Qurbani becomes Waajib for him.
Qurbani cannot be undertaken on behalf of another person upon who Qurbani is Waajib, without his or her prior consent.

Wednesday, August 28, 2013

Our Daughters are Blessing, Not a Burden

Children are a great gift from Almighty Allah to all parents. Parents must think of their children as such treasures that the all the wealth and material resources are worthless as when compared to one�s children. We, as parents, should thank Almighty Allah for blessing us with children whether they are boys or girls. Today, it is quite disheartening to see that some parents rejoice when the newborn child is a male and show their dissatisfaction when the child is a female. But, this should not be the attitude. Islam does not condone this type of behaviour, as such was the manner of the parents in the time of ignorance.
Daughters are without doubt a great blessing from Almighty Allah. They are a means of salvation and a path to Jannah for their parents. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated that when a boy is born, then he brings one Noor (light) and when a girl is born, then she brings two Noors. It has been narrated in a Hadith that the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has stated that if parents are kind and generous towards their daughters, then they will be so close to the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) in Jannah, like one finger is to the next. The Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) has also stated that the person who is faced with hardship due to his daughters, and makes Sabr (is patient), then his daughters will be a Purdah (curtain) between him and Hell.
The crux of one narration states that one who loves his daughters and withstands the hardship of grooming and getting them married, then Almighty Allah makes Jannah Waajib (compulsory) on him and keeps him protected from the Fire of Hell.
Hazrat Khwaja Uthman Haaroni (radi Allahu anhu), the Peer-o-Murshid of Khwaja-e-Khwajegaan, Hazrat Sheikh Khwaja Ghareeb Nawaaz (radi Allahu anhu), states: "Daughters are a gift from Almighty Allah. Those parents who are kind towards them, then Almighty Allah is generous towards such parents. Those who are merciful to their daughters, Almighty Allah is Merciful towards them." The great Saint also said, "When a girl is born to a family, then between the parents and Hell, there shall be a distance of five hundred years."
It has been stated that when parents rejoice at the birth of a daughter, this is greater than making Tawaaf of the Kaaba seventy times. Muslims should also remember that the family of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is from his beloved daughter Sayyidah Fatima Zahra (radi Allahu anha).
Dear brothers and sisters, rejoice on the birth of your daughters, love and guide them and give them that which is due to them from your belongings. Do not deprive them of their inheritance as they also have say in this. Remember! Daughters are a blessing and not a burden.

The Love of Prophet Mohammad (Sallallaho Alaihi Wasalam)

The Love of Prophet Mohammad (Sallallaho Alaihi Wasalam)
When the Month of Rabi-ul-Awwal arrives and the moon of this glorious month is sighted, then the gardens of Islam begin to bloom illuminating the fragrance of the most beautifully scented of flowers, the pearl of the creation of Allah, Muhammad Mustapha (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
It was in his Sadaqah that the entire universe came into existence. It was for his welcome and to inform the creation of his coming that Almighty Allah sent various other Prophets on earth. If Almighty Allah had not sent the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), He would not have revealed His Rububiyah. He is the Noor of Almighty Allah, Leader and Imam of the Ambiya and the Rasools. He is the hope of the distraught and the intercessor for the sinners. He is the Maalik of Jannah and the distributor of the Ne'mahs of Almighty Allah. He is the pride and honour of the skies and of the earth. The Throne and the rest of the Universe rejoiced on the birth of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
The Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is not only the perfect human, but he is the splendour of humanity. He is not only for a single nation, one city, one town or one country, but he is the mercy unto the worlds until Qiyamah. All the successes and benefits of the world are under the feet of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). All the levels and path that lead to Almighty Allah find their basis from him. Thus, we should remember him in every breath, on every step and in every time.
A Muslim may make much Salaah, keep much Roza and perform many Hajj as possible, but until he does not make his heart the city of love for the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), his faith is incomplete. It is the Hadith that none is a true believer unless he loves the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) more than his life, family, parents and belongings.
Almighty Allah loves the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) so dearly that He swears an oath on the city, era and age of the Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). With His Name Allah always mentions the name of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam), showing his excellence. When Almighty Allah spoke of other Ambiya, He used their names, but for Huzoor (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) he used his blessed titles. He loves him so dearly that He and His Angels send Salaams for His Habeeb (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
Love for the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is love for Almighty Allah. Without his obedience, there is no obedience to Almighty Allah. Not only should we send Peace and Salutations, but we should spread the teachings of his life and the Sunnah of Rasoolullah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). It is useless calling his name while being disobedient to him. If you love him you will be steadfast in your Salaah. You will never lie and commit sin. A true lover will never use anything that is Haraam. He will always serve the Servants of Allah and follow the Sunnah of the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam).
He who loves him truly will not have pride and show disrespect to his elders. He will always be patient and grateful. The reason for this is that true love holds great tests and success is to accept the beloved totally. True love and respect for the Holy Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) is the first condition of Imaan. May our lives and death be blessed with the love of our Prophet (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam). Aameen.