Mustahab – Desirable Acts: a. An act that is appreciated by the Sacred Islamic Law (Shari’ah) b. There is no harm if one omits it c. One gains reward for doing it, but one is not punished for omitting it. » Mubah: a. An act that is neither commanded nor prohibited by the Shari’ah. b. There is no reward for doing it, and no punishment or omitting it. » Haram – Unlawful: a. Totally forbidden in Islam. b. Proven by rigorously authenticated texts. c. Anyone who denies something proven from the Qur’an and Hadith to be Haram, becomes a kafir. d. If this act is committed deliberately and intentionally, even once, then such a person is a transgressor (fasiq), and has committed a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). Thus, such a person shall be punished. e. To refrain from such acts is rewarded. f. Haram is considered the opposite of Fard. Makruh-e-Tehrimi: “Makruh” generally means something that is not desirable i.e. something that is disliked by the Islamic Law. a. Makruh-e-Tehrimi is something that is essential to refrain from. b. To do an act that is Makruh-e-Tehrimi is a sin and against the commands of the Shari’ah. c. Anyone who does it is a Fasiq, and will be punished. d. There is reward to refrain from such acts. e. If such acts are done once, then they are not classed as a major sin. However, to persevere on such acts does turn it into a major sin (Gunah-e-Kabira). f. It is considered the opposite of a Wajib. » Isa’at: a. An act that is necessary to avoid. b. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Mu’akkadah. » Makruh-e-Tanzihi: a. An act that is disliked by the Shari’ah. b. If this act is done, then there is no sin or punishment. However, it is bad to make it a habit of doing such an act. c. One gains reward for not doing it. d. It is considered the opposite of Sunnat-e-Ghayr Mu’akkadah. » Khilaf-e-Awla: It is best to avoid such acts, but if done then there is no sin or punishment. It is considered the opposite of Mustahab.