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Tuesday, March 31, 2015

SECOND QUALIFICATION ON NAMAZ - SATRE-AURAT - COVERING OF THE BODY


SECOND QUALIFICATION ON NAMAZ - SATRE-AURAT - COVERING OF THE BODY It is compulsory to cover the body, meaning how much of the body in Namaz should be covered at least.
Rule: For males, from below the naval to below the knees is compulsory, that it is covered, it is not compulsory to cover the naval, but the knees must be covered.
Rule: For women who are not slaves nor have any restriction of Shariat on them, it is compulsory for them to cover all their body except the face, hands upto the wrists and feet upto the ankles. It is also compulsory for women to cover the hair hanging from their heads, their necks and their collars (throats).
Rule: If a woman has worn a very thin veil over her head that the hair's shininess can be seen then the Namaz will not count. Rule: For a female servant/slave the whole of the stomach, back, both sides and from the navel to the knees is all aurat (parts that need covering).
Rule: In all the parts that are compulsory to cover if one part was uncovered and was less than a quarter, then the Namaz will count. If it is a quarter in size and is recovered immediately, then the Namaz will count. If the part was uncovered for one 'Rukun' meaning the time you could say Subhanallah three times or was uncovered deliberately and whether it was covered again immediately, the Namaz will not count. Parts of Aurat in a Male
Rule: There are nine parts of the body which are aurat for a male. The penis Both testicles Posterior The right hip The left hip
The right thigh (upto and including the knee) The left thigh (upto and including the knee) From below the naval upto the male organ and upto both sides of the body inclusive. The area between the testicles upto the posterior is a single aurat. The aurats that have been counted above are all one part each, meaning if less than a quarter of each part became uncovered, the Namaz would count.
Rule: If some parts of the aurats became uncovered but were all less than a quarter, however, when added together the size would be more than a quarter of the smallest part that has been uncovered, then the Namaz will not count. For example, if a ninth of a thigh was uncovered, a ninth of hip and a ninth of a penis was uncovered then the size added together is more than a quarter of the penis, the Namaz will not count [Alamgiri, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
Rule: At the start of the Namaz if one quarter of a part is left uncovered and you say Allah-o-Akbar, the Namaz will not start [Radd-ul-Mohtar]. Aurat parts for a woman
Rule: For women who are not slaves, except for the five parts mentioned above (face, both hands upto the wrists and both feet upto the ankles) all the body is aurat. This is split into thirty parts of the body. The same rule applies in Namaz (as mentioned above) if a quarter became uncovered for each part.
The head, meaning from the top of the head upto the start of the neck. The hair that hangs down The right ear The left ear The neck (and throat)
The right shoulder The left shoulder The top right arm including the elbow The top left arm including the elbow The bottom right arm (below the elbow upto and including the wrist)
The bottom left arm (below the elbow upto and including the wrist) The chest, below the neck/throat to the breasts Back of the right hand Back of the left hand The right breast
The left breast The stomach, meaning from below the breasts upto and including the navel The upper back, meaning the other side of the chest Both armpits upto the lower back The right hip
The left hip The vagina The posterior The right thigh upto and including the knees, the knee is not a separate part but is included The left thigh upto and including the knees, the knee is not a separate part but is included
Below the naval upto the start of the pubic hair and the lower back, is all one aurat. The right shin, from below the knee upto and including the ankle The left shin, from below the knee upto and including the ankle. The right base of the foot The left base of the foot Many Ulema have not included the back of the hands and the base of the feet as Aurat.
Rule: Although the woman's face is not an Aurat, it is still forbidden to expose it to non permissible males (those a woman is not restricted to marry). Also it is forbidden for non permissible males to look at their face. Rule: If a male does not have clothing that is allowed, i.e. he only has silk to cover his body, then it is obligatory for him to cover his body with the silk cloth and can pray Namaz with it on, however, if a male has other material available then it is Haram for a male to wear silk, and if a Namaz is prayed with silk on, then it will become Makrooh-e-Tahrimi.
Rule: If a naked person can obtain access to a table or floor cloth, then they must cover themselves with this and pray Namaz, and also if they can use leaves or straw to cover themselves, then they must do this [Alamgiri]. Rule: If someone has no clothes or material, then they should pray Namaz seated and perform Rukoo and prostration (Sijdah) by actions [Hidaya, Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].
Rule: If another person has material or clothing and the naked person feels sure that the person will lend it to them, then it is necessary to ask for the material [Radd-ul-Mohtar]. Rule: If you only have impure clothes and there is no way of cleaning them, then pray with the impure clothes, do not pray naked [Hidaya].
Rule: If there isn't enough clothing to cover the whole of the body but you can only cover some parts, then it is necessary that you do this and cover the private parts (vagina and posterior) first. And if there is only enough to cover one private part, then cover one of the two. Rule: If by praying Namaz whilst standing, one quarter of an aurat becomes uncovered, then pray Namaz whilst seated [Durr-e-Mukhtar, Radd-ul-Mohtar].